Pipes in Angular: How to Create, Implement and Customise (2023)

What are Angular Pipes?

Angular pipes are a source to reflect the transformations made within the template. They transform the data into a presentable form and make the HTML templates more attractive. The AngularJS pipes do not change the data value.

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Here, we will discuss everything that corresponds to the angular pipes. Its classification, sub-types, usage, etc.

Built-in Angular Pipes

AngularJS lists various built-in pipes used to perform various tasks. Every pipe has a function used to solve different problems. Using the built-in angular bootstrap pipes makes it easier for the developers to work and make their code readable and stable. Below is a list of all the built-in angular pipes the language offers. We will understand each one of them in detail.

1. JSON Pipe

The Angular JSON pipe converts a specific value or an object into a JSON string formatted together. The input is synced from the server, then binded with the HTML files. The developer tool’s network tab within the browser identifies the JSON data fetched from the server. It even helps to debug the codes written within the JSON files. The JSON pipes make it a quick process as it displays the actual JSON data on the HTML file.

The syntax of the JSON pipe is like other angular pipes. The pipe operator is appended after the object. It looks something like this-

{{ json_object | json }} 

2. Upper Case Pipe

As the name suggests, the Upper Case Pipe is used to convert a string of the letters in the upper case. The user must pass the string into the Upper case pipe function, and it will return the modified string.

The syntax of the Upper case pipe is shown below

{{ string | uppercase }} 

3. Lower Case Pip

The Lower case pipe converts the string or a text in the lower case. The modification is reflected within the component template. You can just pass the text into the lower case pipe using the operator to get the derided output.

(Video) Angular 12 tutorial # 34 Make custom pipes

Its syntax is as follows-

{{ text | lowercase }} 

4. Custom Pipe

Custom pipes are used to make your code reusable. You can wrap up the content within the custom pipe and use it again n again within the angular framework.

5. Date pipe

The Angularmaterial date pipe offers various date formats that can be either from the predefined formats or the custom formats. You can provide the input as an object, ISO date string, or even milliseconds. The method will then return the suitable date format used within your code.

6. Async pipe

Async pipe is an example of an impure pipe that waits for a request to display the data. Alternatively, it emits the value through an observable event. It returns the latest value which has been emitted successfully.

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Custom Pipes in Angular

The essential operation of the pipe transform method is to transform a single value into a new one. At the same time, the value could be of either data type such as an array, string, object, or integer. You can create your custom pipes in angularcli to perform the desired operation.

Pure and Impure Pipes

These are the two main categories of angular pipes.

The pure pipe is a pipe called when a pure change is detected in the value. It is called fewer times than the latter.

Impure pipe- This pipe is often called after every change detection. Be it a pure change or not, the impure pipe is called repeatedly.

(Video) Creating Custom Pipes in Angular | Angular Pipes | Angular 13+

Creating a Custom Pipe

Angular 2 has a unique feature that allows the developers to create custom pipes. Custom pipes are a way to change the existing values within the Angular template.

1. The general way to define a custom class is as follows. Here we have a few lines of code that describe how you can create your custom pipe.

Pipes in Angular: How to Create, Implement and Customise (1)

The different methods written within the code are used for the following functionalities, which are as follows-

  • Pipename − This method defines the name of the pipe.
  • Returntype −It is the return type of the pipe.
  • Pipeclass − It represents the name of the class assigned to the custom pipe.
  • Parameters are the parameters passed to the pipe for performing specific functions.
  • Transform −It is the function of the pipe on which the developers work.

2. We will create a custom class to multiply two numbers. The pipe will be used within the component class. Let us create this class from scratch with all the steps.

Pipes in Angular: How to Create, Implement and Customise (2)

  • You first need to create a new file with any name of your choice. The file must have a .pipe.ts extension. You could name it something like multiplier.pipe.ts.
  • Now, import all the necessary classes and then create the multiplier class.
  • Here we have shared a code with all those classes implemented together. You can refer to it to create your custom pipe.
  • You need to notice some important things within the above code.
  • At first, the pipe and pipe transform modules are to be imported to use their features.
  • Then we created a pipe with a name similar to the class name.
  • The multiplier pipe class implements the pipe transform module to use the methods within the module.
  • At last, the transform function will receive values and parameters and ultimately return the modified value.

3. See an app.ts file, which is listed in the File menu. Create a component class, and import the essential built-in classes. Refer to the below code.

Pipes in Angular: How to Create, Implement and Customise (3)

4. Once done, now open the app—module. ts file and import the necessary modules within the module.ts file. Take help from the below code and use it in your custom pipe.

(Video) Angular 2: Creating a Custom Titlecase Pipe

Pipes in Angular: How to Create, Implement and Customise (4)

Pipe and PipeTransform

The pipe transform is more like a method used by the pipe to initiate the transformation. The pipe then calls for the transform method with a binding value passed as an argument. Along with these, we have an extra parameter known to be the second argument in the method.

This is how you use the pipe transform method.

Pipes in Angular: How to Create, Implement and Customise (5)

Pipe Transform Value

The pipe transform method takes two parameters. The first one is a value and the second one is an argument. You could pass them as per the convenience to transform the specific input values.

Pipes with Arguments

You can pass multiple arguments to your custom-made pipe. The arguments are separated by a semicolon (:)

Custom Pipes Examples

Custom pipes are used in various fields. So, let’s discuss some of the examples of a custom pipe. It is the temperature converter custom pipe. Let us look at how to design it.

Create a file with a relevant name right under the src/app folder. You can make it similar to temp-con.pipe.ts. Here’s the code that you must follow

Pipes in Angular: How to Create, Implement and Customise (6)

(Video) Angular 8 : Custom Pipe Example With Multiple argument | Java Techie

Testing Pipes

The developers have the power to test the pipes without using Angular’s in-built testing functions.

Any function using the regular expression needs to be tested to ensure that everything works fine. You must write a DOM code to identify whether your custom pipe works fine.


So, here comes an end to this. We have discussed every aspect related to the angular bootstrap pipes. We have shared all the related codes and examples necessary for you to learn. You can refer to them as an example to deeply learn more about the angular pipes.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What are the different types of pipes in Angular?

Ans. In angular, there are two main categories of pipes available for usage. They are- pure pipes and impure pipes.

2. How many pipes are there in Angular?

Ans. There are various pipes in angularmaterial. Some of them are- Json pipes, Upper case pipes, lower case pipes, async pipes, date pipes, etc.

3. What is the pipe method?

Ans. The pipe method in AngularJS is used to combine multiple functions into a single one. It can take single or multiple functions as the parameters and then transforms the arguments into various collections.

4. What is pipe and tap in angular?

Ans. The pipe is used to connect the tap operator, which displays the source values on the console. We can even use the console.log function directly within the tap operator.

5. What is pipe and map in angular?

Ans. The AngularCLI map is an operator that takes input. It then applies various functions to each input and then modifies them into a new one.

(Video) How to build Custom Pipes and use In-built pipes in Angular | Angular | Learn Smart Coding

6. What is date pipe in angular?

Ans. The date pipes in angularmaterial are used to set and format the dates in the framework. The dates are set as per the mentioned date formats, timezone, and the locale information of a specific country or region.


Which method you need to implement in custom pipes in Angular? ›

The custom pipe class should implement PipeTransform interface. And then implement PipeTransform's transform method which accepts an input value followed by optional pipe parameters and returns the transformed value.

How do I create a custom pipe in Angular 7? ›

To create a custom pipe, we have to import Pipe and Pipe Transform from Angular/core. In the @Pipe directive, we have to give the name to our pipe, which will be used in our . html file. Since, we are creating the sqrt pipe, we will name it sqrt.

Why we use custom pipes in Angular? ›

Pipes are a useful feature in Angular. They are a simple way to transform values in an Angular template. A pipe takes in a value or values and then returns a value. The CurrencyPipe which transforms a given number into a currency string is a prime example of Angular pipe.

What are different types of pipes in Angular? ›

Angular provides the following set of built-in pipes.
  • CurrencyPipe. This pipe is used for formatting currencies. ...
  • DatePipe. This pipe is used for the transformation of dates. ...
  • DecimalPipe. This pipe is used for transformation of decimal numbers. ...
  • JsonPipe. ...
  • LowerCasePipe. ...
  • UpperCasePipe. ...
  • PercentPipe. ...
  • SlicePipe.

How do you design a pipeline? ›

Pipeline design includes a selection of the route traversed by the pipe, determination of the throughput (i.e., the amount of fluid or solids transported) and the operational velocity, calculation of pressure gradient, selection of pumps and other equipment, determination of pipe thickness and material (e.g., whether ...

Which method is used to implement custom pipes? ›

To finally put some logic behind the task of our custom pipe, we use PipeTransform. So, to maintain the required contract to adhere to the standard structure, we use transform() method inside PipeTransform.

Why Async pipe is used in Angular? ›

The async pipe subscribes to an Observable or Promise and returns the latest value it has emitted. When a new value is emitted, the async pipe marks the component to be checked for changes. When the component gets destroyed, the async pipe unsubscribes automatically to avoid potential memory leaks.

Can we customize Angular material? ›

Angular Material supports customizing component styles via Sass API as described in the theming guide. This document provides guidance on defining custom CSS rules that directly style Angular Material components.

What is pipe () in Angular? ›

Pipes are simple functions to use in template expressions to accept an input value and return a transformed value. Pipes are useful because you can use them throughout your application, while only declaring each pipe once.

Can we use JSON in pipe Angular? ›

Angular Json Pipe converts a value or object into JSON formatted string. Usually we will get the data from the server in JSON format, and we will bind it to HTML. To know the exact JSON data coming from the server we can use network tab in browser developer tools.

How many pipes are available in Angular? ›

The last yet important thing I want to mention is that there are two types of pipes in Angular, pure and impure pipes. A pure pipe (the default) is only called when Angular detects a change in the value or the parameters passed to a pipe.

What is the use of pipe ()? ›

pipe() System call

Conceptually, a pipe is a connection between two processes, such that the standard output from one process becomes the standard input of the other process. In UNIX Operating System, Pipes are useful for communication between related processes(inter-process communication).

What is pipe syntax? ›

Pipe is used to combine two or more commands, and in this, the output of one command acts as input to another command, and this command's output may act as input to the next command and so on. It can also be visualized as a temporary connection between two or more commands/ programs/ processes.

What is difference between filter and pipe in Angular? ›

In Angular 1, we had filter which helped format, sort or transform how data was displayed in our templates. Filters can be used with a binding expression or a directive. In Angular 2, we have a similar feature but renamed to Pipes. This rename was to better align of what the feature does.

What are the two types of pipelines? ›

There are two types of oil pipeline: crude oil pipeline and product pipeline.

What are the three types of pipes? ›

There are five main types of plumbing pipe materials that are still in use today: copper, galvanized steel, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), and cross-linked polyethylene (PEX).

What are 3 important stages in pipeline? ›

The following stages make up the pipeline: the Fetch stage. the Decode stage. the Execute stage.

What are the 2 types of pipeline installation? ›

There are two main categories of pipelines used to transport energy products: petroleum pipelines and natural gas pipelines.

How are named pipes implemented? ›

Microsoft Windows Pipes utilizes a client-server implementation whereby the process that creates a named pipe is known as the server and the process that communicates with the named pipe is known as the client. By utilizing a client-server relationship, named pipe servers can support two methods of communication.

What is difference between pure and impure pipe in Angular? ›

A pure pipe is only called when Angular detects a change in the value or the parameters passed to a pipe. An impure pipe is called for every change detection cycle no matter whether the value or parameter(s) changes.

Which code is used in piping? ›

Three pipeline codes typically used for design are ASME B31. 4 (ASME, 1989), ASME B31. 8 (ASME, 1990), and DnV (1981).

Is async faster than threading? ›

So why asyncio is faster than multi-threading if they both belong to asynchronous programming? It's because asyncio is more robust with task scheduling and provides the user with full control of code execution.

Which is faster sync or async? ›

Sync is blocking — it will only send the server one request at a time and will wait for that request to be answered by the server. Async increases throughput because multiple operations can run at the same time. Sync is slower and more methodical.

Is async pure or impure? ›

A good example of impure pipe is the AsyncPipe from @angular/common package. This pipe has internal state that holds an underlying subscription created by subscribing to the observable passed to the pipe as a parameter.

Which CSS is best for Angular? ›

LumX. LumX is an Angular framework for front-end development that uses Google Material Design techniques to create visually appealing and user-friendly interfaces. This SaaS framework can be considered the best CSS framework for Angular.

Which editor is best for Angular? ›

Atom. Github has built a hackable editor called Atom, which works efficiently on popular platforms such as Android, MAC, and Linux. For all the major development technologies, developers prefer to use Atom. It has a vast community that helps developers by offering active contributors to plugins.

Can we create custom decorator in Angular? ›

Decorators are a new feature of TypeScript and used throughout the Angular code, but they are nothing to be scared of. With decorators we can configure and customise our classes at design time. They are just functions that can be used to add meta-data, properties or functions to the thing they are attached to.

What does pipe () do RxJS? ›

pipe() can be called on one or more functions, each of which can take one argument ("UnaryFunction") and uses it to return a value. It returns a function that takes one argument, passes it to the first UnaryFunction, and then passes the result to the next one, passes that result to the next one, and so on.

What does pipe () return? ›

An easy way to remember that the input end comes first is that file descriptor 0 is standard input, and file descriptor 1 is standard output. If successful, pipe returns a value of 0 . On failure, -1 is returned.

What is pipe and grep? ›

grep is very often used as a "filter" with other commands. It allows you to filter out useless information from the output of commands. To use grep as a filter, you must pipe the output of the command through grep . The symbol for pipe is " | ".

Can we chain pipes in Angular? ›

The chaining Pipe is used to perform the multiple operations within the single expression. This chaining operation will be chained using the pipe (I). In the following example, to display the birthday in the upper case- will need to use the inbuilt date-pipe and upper-case-pipe.

What is HttpClient in Angular? ›

What Is HttpClient? HttpClient is a built-in service class available in the @angular/common/http package. It has multiple signature and return types for each request. It uses the RxJS observable-based APIs, which means it returns the observable and what we need to subscribe it.

Can we use Ajax in Angular? ›

Angular uses AJAX technology to build single-page applications. Angular offers much more functionality than AJAX, and AJAX vs Angular is an important part of this functionality.

Can we chain multiple pipes in Angular? ›

Router service needs to be explicitly provided in angular module to use it in another component via DI. You can chain multiple pipe in a single expression along with “async” pipe.

What is lazy loading in Angular? ›

Lazy loading is an approach to limit the modules that are loaded to the ones that the user currently needs. This can improve your application's performance and reduce the initial bundle size. By default, Angular uses eager loading to load modules.

What is difference between pipe and directive in Angular? ›

Pipes are for formatting data, directives are to alter the behavior/appearance of an element.

Why is it called a pipe? ›

Pipe goes back to Old English and comes from, before it, a Latin root meant to imitate the sound of musical pipe. In its early days, a pipe referred to a hollow cylinder, particularly one that carries water.

What is a pipe and give an example? ›

A pipe is a long, round, hollow object, usually made of metal or plastic, through which a liquid or gas can flow.

What is the concept of pipe? ›

noun. a long tube of metal, plastic, etc, used to convey water, oil, gas, etc. a long tube or case. an object made in any of various shapes and sizes, consisting of a small bowl with an attached tubular stem, in which tobacco or other substances are smoked. (as modifier)a pipe bowl.

What is the symbol for pipe? ›

What is a pipe symbol? A pipe symbol is a typographical mark that resembles a vertical line ( | ). This mark is also known by many other names, such as a vertical bar or a vertical line.

Why is it called Magrittr? ›

Originally from the magrittr package, it's now used in many other packages as well. (If you're wondering where the magrittr name came from, it's a reference to Belgian artist Rene Magritte and one of his paintings, The Treachery of Images, that says in French: “This is not a pipe.”)

What is difference between stateful and stateless pipes in Angular? ›

Most pipes are stateless. The CurrencyPipe we used and the length pipe we created are examples of a stateless pipe. Stateful pipes are those which can manage the state of the data they transform. A pipe that creates an HTTP request, stores the response and displays the output, is a stateful pipe.

What is difference between pipe and queue? ›

Pipes and FIFOs are unidirectional, i.e., the data can flow in one direction only. Message queues are bidirectional i.e., the data can flow in both directions.

Can we use pipe in TS file? ›

Pipes are simple functions to use in template expressions to accept an input value and return a transformed value. Here, the pipe firstName will take a fullName as an input and transform it into a First Name. It can be used both in a html and ts file as shown below.

How do you use custom pipes? ›

Steps Involved In Creating a Custom Pipe In Angular are:

1) Create a Pipe Class and decorate it with the decorator @Pipe. 2) Supply a name property to be used as template code name. 3) Register your Pipe in the module under declarations. 4) Finally, implement PipeTransform and write transformation logic.

How do I create a pipe in Angular 8? ›

Steps to create a custom Pipe:

1) Create a pipe with the command “ng generate pipe trim” where trim is the name of the pipe. 2) Your pipe file will be created and its declaration will be added automatically to the app. module.

How do you use a custom pipe in a component? ›

We can use the pipe transformation within a component in the following three main steps.
  1. Register the pipe in the module. First register the pipe you want to use as a provider in the main module file, in this case, it will be the app. ...
  2. Inject the pipe in the component. ...
  3. Call the pipes' transform method.
8 Nov 2020

Can we create custom directive in Angular? ›

Angular provides many built-in Attribute Directives like NgStyle, NgClass, etc. We can also create our own custom Attribute Directives for our desired functionality.

What is the decorator used to create custom pipes? ›

Creating a pipe is very simple in Angular. We just decorate a class with the @Pipe decorator, provide a name and a transform function and we are done.

Is JSON a pipe in Angular? ›

Angular has some in-built pipes along with giving us a way to build custom pipes. One of the in-built pipes is JsonPipe .

What is pipe in RXJS? ›

pipe() can be called on one or more functions, each of which can take one argument ("UnaryFunction") and uses it to return a value. It returns a function that takes one argument, passes it to the first UnaryFunction, and then passes the result to the next one, passes that result to the next one, and so on.

What is custom component in Angular? ›

A custom element hosts an Angular component, providing a bridge between the data and logic defined in the component and standard DOM APIs. Component properties and logic maps directly into HTML attributes and the browser's event system.

What is decorator in Angular? ›

Decorators are a design pattern that is used to separate modification or decoration of a class without modifying the original source code. In AngularJS, decorators are functions that allow a service, directive or filter to be modified prior to its usage.

What is [] called in Angular? ›

property binding uses the square brackets to indicate to Angular the property of an element that should be updated when the data-bound variable changes.

Can we use two directives in Angular? ›

A component directive can be created multiple times, that is, every component in Angular will have a @Component decorator attached, while we cannot apply more than one structural directive to the same HTML element.


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